Bipolar Meaning, What is bipolar disorder?
Bipolar is word commonly used in different categories and different places. Structurally, it means two poles; something that has two poles. The most common fields that contain this word are psychology, physics, or neurology. So, once you want to know that is bipolar meaning or definition, you have to choose in which field you are looking for!
However, we are a web site that is specified in health disorders. Therefore, it is obvious that we are talking about ‘bipolar disorder’. Besides, most of people know bipolar meaning as, very briefly, a bipolar disorder. They usually refer to the disorder in psychology before any other meaning of definition of another field. We shall take it from here and go to define what is bipolar as a psychological and mental disorder.
What is Bipolar Meaning?
This psychological disorder used to be known as manic-depressive disorder. The reason it was named like that is because of the two poles (episodes if we may call them here). The two main episodes that characterize this disease are depression and mania. The patient who develops this disorder experience a very intensive and extreme swing in his/ her mood from a depression to a mania or the opposite. We may consider this disorder as one of the most serious psychological disorder.
The reason behind that is: the severe consequences that the patient may experience. The consequences may be sometimes committing suicide and killing oneself. The symptoms are too serious and they can cause such consequences or even worse. The main things to know about this disorder are the causes, the symptoms, the diagnosis, and the treatments, so that you may be able to help your loved one if he/ she gets such condition. This is the bipolar meaning, which you are looking for.
What are the causes of bipolar disorder?
The causes are the main things to know about any disorder. Through identifying the causes, you may be able to prevent being affected or developing the disorder. Yet, this is the hardest job for doctors and scientists. Although that they are the most important part to know, scientists still incapable of identifying them. Yet, that does not mean there is no idea about it. They have reached a good level to understand many things that may cooperate to cause such health disorder.
The main causes of bipolar may vary from genetic, brain, and environmental. Let’s understand together what those factors or causes are!
Brain is involved in causing the bipolar disorder, according to many scientists and researchers. They believe that there are some neurotransmitters, in the brain, that experience a problem, which causes such disorder. What the brain cause release, chemicals or hormones, are involved in all bodily functions.
The chemicals such as dopamine, serotonin, and others are responsible for many functions in the body. Some of them may be the reason behind the moods, while others may be behind the pleasure. However, a disorder in those chemicals may lead to serious changes in the emotional and psychological aspects. The lack or troubles in the chemicals may be the reason of the symptoms that a bipolar patient develops.
Genes and family risks of developing the disorder have been quite obvious in many results of some studies. So many researchers have found that family members of a patient who develops bipolar are more likely to get the disorder. In other words, it runs in families. Maybe, we may support this hypothesis with the recent research of twins.
While one developed bipolar disorder, the other twin had a very great chance to develop it as well. The researchers pursued more research in first degree family members (brothers, sisters …etc.) and they found that those are more likely to develop the bipolar disorder as well. This might be the reason why you are looking for what is bipolar meaning.
Environment and social interaction may be also a main factor in causing the disorder. But, how much they may be involved? A research found that children who are integrated in such situations of bipolar disorders might adapt the symptoms and develop the same psychological disorder or other ones such as depression, schizophrenia, ADHD, or any other. If a parent has bipolar, the children may be affected due to the behaviors of the parent and the way he/ she treats those children.
Bipolar people may get addicted to drugs or alcohol, which can be a serious trouble and may make it hard for their children. Even that most children, who interact with family members who develop bipolar, may not develop the same disorder, but they may be at a high risk of developing something else and worse.
Other causes that may be Affective factors are such as traumatic events in childhood or in life, having very stressful and tension-full life, or even personal problems.
What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder?
As we have mentioned in understating the bipolar meaning or definition, we have said that two different episodes; one of depression and the other of mania characterize the bipolar disorder. Sometimes, there is another episode known as hypomania.
Well, there is not big difference between the manic and hypomanic episodes, so we may say that they have quite the same symptoms and signs. In the other side, depressive episode may have totally different symptoms and signs. Let’s find out what those symptoms of each episode are:
- The signs and symptoms of mania or hypomania episode:
- You may have very high energy and may be over-active; extra energy.
- You may have abnormal energy and you may feel like to sleep less often.
- You may start talking too quickly and you have unorganized thoughts; you think too quickly.
- You may become over excited, happy, and euphoric.
- You may feel extremely irritated and annoyed in spite of the joy and happiness.
- You may feel highly self-esteemed.
You may not be careful in your life events, such as random excessive sex, become gratified, start professional deals, risky choices, and you do not think at all before making any step.
However, those are the main signs and symptoms of the bipolar disorder: mania and hypomania episodes. Now, what are those of the depressive episode?
- The signs and symptoms of depressive episode of bipolar disorder:
After the patient experience the mania or hypomania episodes, he/ she moves to another completely opposite one, which is depression episode. This one is characterized by such signs like:
- You may be lowly self-esteemed.
- You may feel extremely depressed and sad.
- You have either insomnia or you sleep too much.
- You do not concentrate or you have a very weak ability to do so.
- You may speak and talk lesser with people.
- You start feeling guilty, extremely sad, lonely, helpless, and hopeless.
- You may start thinking of death, ending your life, or committing suicide.
- You get less energy, very low energy, and no more apathy.
- You do not enjoy anything you have used to enjoy before, such as having sex, eating outside, talking to people, watching movies, or anything else.
Here we put an end to the most significant and most common symptoms of bipolar disorder. This adds more definition to what bipolar meaning is. Now, let’s move to the next stage, which comes after the symptoms; it is the bipolar disorder diagnosis!
How is bipolar diagnosed?
The first step toward bipolar diagnosis is the symptoms. The signs and symptoms may be the first way for you to visit your healthcare provider. In case your health care provider doubts that you have bipolar disorder, then he might take you or recommend you to visit a psychiatrist. That is in order to make sure whether you do have the disorder or not. If the symptoms reach the stage when you start hurting yourself, he might ask for emergency or immediate medical interaction by a psychiatrist or specialist.
After this, you will have your fist meeting with the psychiatrist, who shall ask you some questions. According to your answers, he will decide whether you do have the disorder or something else. If you do have the disorder, the psychiatrist will arrange with you the first meeting for treatment and he will decide which therapy you need. He will even ask you about your family members’ situations; how you notice their behaviors.
In case he doubts anything, he will ask you to bring that family relative to another assessment with him.
Many other factors and health conditions may cause you the symptoms above. That is why your psychiatrist may make extra tests and checks for your physical and physiological health. For example, the conditions such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism may interrupt with similar symptoms.
What are the available treatments of bipolar disorder?
In order to fully understand what bipolar meaning is, you have to know all about it, and all here includes treatments. When we talk about bipolar treatments, we may have a long list ahead of us. Yet, that we are going to mention only the main ones and most important. As we have been discussing, the extreme symptoms of bipolar disorder; either mania or depression, affect the life of the patient very badly. That is why scientists and doctors made some effective therapies and treatment options.
Those options can make a remarkable difference in the life of the patient. They help the patient to keep on their life normally and with no troubles. Here are some of the main options we may mention:
- You may start taking some medications that are known as mood swings stabilizers. Those medications are mostly taken during the mania or hypomania periods. You may keep taking them for so long and daily.
- You may start some changed in your lifestyle such as exercising, going in activities and events with people, sleeping sufficient and healthy duration, or enriching your diet and making it better
- You may need to start learning how you can identify any sign or symptom of one of bipolar disorder symptom, which provides you complete control.
- You may start taking some medications that help to reduce the symptoms of both mania or depression periods.
- You may start some psychological therapies, such as social groups, talking with your psychiatrist sessions, or family meetings, which help mostly in the depression episodes.