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Physical Health Disorders

What are Physical Health Disorders?

Physical health Disorders usually refers to all the disorders that arise from the body rather than the mind. This means that physical conditions exclude all the psychiatric and psychological conditions such as emotional disorder, mental illnesses, and personality disorders. The physical disorders also include the brain and neurological disorders that arise from the physical processes of brains and nerves.

physical health disorders

physical health disorders

Differentiating the physical from mental condition is not easy in both in medicine and law because it delves into deep causes and many unsolved arguments in religion and philosophy.

Some scholars believe that many mental disorders are some kind of physical health disorders, although they have not developed their tests. Some disorders that were widely known as purely mental disorders such as the schizophrenia are known to have physical origins. Some psychiatrists believe that some physical health conditions are associated with the physical brain changes. However, a number of religious and metaphysical leaders differ with those findings and believe that many mental disorders are very different from physical disorders.

They argue that the mental issues have nothing whatsoever to do with the physical and chemical process in the brain apart from the one issue. They believe that the brain provides a conduit for mental actions and thoughts to be transmitted from the human spirit to the physical world.

This article is going to share with you a list of physical health disorders that are mentioned in various sources.

Cardiovascular disorders

This is one of the of physical health disorder that refers to a class of diseases that involves the blood vessels or the heart. This term refers to any disease that may affect the cardiovascular system as well as those diseases that are related to atherosclerosis. These classes of diseases have similar causes, mechanisms, and treatments. Vascular surgeons, neurologists, cardiologists, and thoratic surgeons treat these disorders depending on the affected part.

Infectious disorders

These clinically evident disorders result from the presence of pathogenic microbial organics that includes bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi multi-cellular parasites, and aberrant proteins referred as prions. These pathogens can affect both animals and plants. The disorders can result in short term effects such as depressed moods or fatigue to neurological disorder that have a long-term effect. The infectious pathologies also known as the communicable diseases that are transmitted from one person to the other also fall into this class.

Vision disorders

These physical health conditions cause impairment of the sense of vision. A vision disorder does not necessarily mean eye disorder, although many vision disorders result because of immediate injury to the eye. Other causes may injure other parts of the optic pathway. They include appreciative Agnosia, which is a form of visual disorder that makes a person not to recognize objects, color Agnosia, which makes a person not to associate hue names correctly, and Hemianopia, which is the loss of half vision in both eyes.

Skin disorders

These conditions affect the integumentary system. These conditions affect the organ system that comprises of the entire surface of the body including nails, skin, hair and related glands and muscle. These disorders consist of a broad spectrum of diseases that are known as dermatoses and many other non-pathologic states like the racquet and melanonychia nails. The diagnosis of a particular skin condition is made by gathering the pertinent information of the presenting skin lesions with the inclusion of their location, symptoms, duration of the condition, the arrangement, and their color.

Respiratory tract disorders

Respiratory disorders refer to diseases of the respiratory system that interferes with the respiration system. The disorders can affect the pleural cavity, larynx lung, upper respiratory tract, trachea, bronchial tubes, nerves, and muscles for breathing. These diseases range from mild and self limiting disorders such as the common cold to life threatening conditions such as the pulmonary embolism or bacterial pneumonia.

Nutritional deficiency disorders

These disorders are the most common. This is because most of the physical health disorders in human are directly or indirectly caused by improper eating habits, starvation, or malnutrition. The condition includes, but not limited to, nutritional deficiency diseases that are caused by lack of enough essential nutrients. They can be associated with poor cognitive performance and other symptoms. The diseases include the metabolic disorders that are nutritionally related to diseases such as endemic goiter and diabetes. Vitamins poisoning conditions that arise because of high storage levels of vitamins that lead to toxic symptoms as well as iron overload disorders that are caused by the over accumulation of iron in the body are also nutritional deficiency disorders.

Digestive system disorders

These physical health disorders affect the digestive system. These include the diseases that affect the esophagus, gastrointestinal tract, duodenum, ileum, large intestine, and the rectum. The common disorders include the cystic fibrosis, which is a hereditary disease that affects the mucus glands of the intestines, liver, lungs, and pancreases to cause disability due to multisystem failure. Another condition is the jaundice, which is a yellowish discoloration of the skin and stress ulcer disorders.

Musculoskeletal disorders

These disorders affect the musculoskeletal system that includes the muscles, bones, tendons, joints nerves, and ligaments. Work related MSDS develop over time and are caused by the employees working environment or the work itself. The disorders affect the back, shoulder, neck, upper limbs, and the shoulders. These health problems range from discomfort, minor aches and pains to more serious conditions that may require time off for medical treatment.

The nervous system disorders

These disorders affect the central nervous system, which includes the brain, cerebellum, and brain stem. The disorders also affect the peripheral nervous systems that include the cranial nerves or the autonomic nervous system that includes the part that are located in both peripheral and central nervous systems.

Finally, we have the metabolic disorder that affects the production of energy in a body. Most of these disorders are genetic though some are acquired as results of toxins, diet, or infections. Generally, the inborn errors of metabolism are caused by genetic defects that result in improperly constructed or missing enzymes that are necessary to help in the metabolic process of a cell. The main causes of metabolic disorders are mitochondrial disorders, fatty oxidation and the glycogen storage diseases that affect the carbohydrate metabolism.


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